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Demian Rusakov
Demian Rusakov


Paparazzi tend to be independent contractors, unaffiliated with mainstream media organizations, and photos taken are usually done so by taking advantage of opportunities when they have sightings of high-profile people they are tracking.[1] Some experts have described the behavior of paparazzi as synonymous with stalking, and anti-stalking laws in many countries address the issue by seeking to reduce harassment of public figures and celebrities, especially when they are with their children.[2] Some public figures and celebrities have expressed concern at the extent to which paparazzi go to invade their personal space.[3] The filing and receiving of judicial support for restraining orders against paparazzi has increased, as have lawsuits with judgments against them.[4]


A news photographer named Paparazzo (played by Walter Santesso in the 1960 film La Dolce Vita directed by Federico Fellini) is the eponym of the word paparazzi.[7] In his book The Facts on File Encyclopedia of Word and Phrase Origins, Robert Hendrickson writes that Fellini named the "hyperactive photographer ... after Italian slang for 'mosquito.'"[8] As Fellini said in his interview to Time magazine, "Paparazzo ... suggests to me a buzzing insect, hovering, darting, stinging."[9] Those versions of the word's origin are sometimes contested. For example, in the Abruzzo dialect spoken by Ennio Flaiano, co-scriptwriter of La Dolce Vita, the term paparazzo refers to the local clam, Venerupis decussata, and is also used as a metaphor for the shutter of a camera lens.

Further, in an interview with Fellini's screenwriter Flaiano, he said the name came from the book Sulla riva dello Jonio (1957),[10] a translation by Italian poet Margherita Guidacci of By the Ionian Sea,[11] a 1901 travel narrative in southern Italy by Victorian writer George Gissing. He further states that either Fellini or Flaiano opened the book at random, saw the name of a restaurant owner, Coriolano Paparazzo, and decided to use it for the photographer. This story is further documented by a variety of Gissing scholars[12] and in the book A Sweet and Glorious Land. Revisiting the Ionian Sea.[13]By the late 1960s, the word, usually in the Italian plural form paparazzi, had entered English as a generic term for intrusive photographers.[14] A person who has been photographed by the paparazzi is said to have been "papped".[15]

Due to the reputation of paparazzi as a nuisance, several countries and states restrict their activities by passing laws and curfews,[citation needed] and by staging events in which paparazzi are specifically not allowed to take photographs.[16][17][18][19] In the United States, celebrity news organizations are protected by the First Amendment.[20]

To protect the children of celebrities, California passed Senate Bill No. 606[21] in September 2013. The purpose of the bill is to stop paparazzi from taking pictures of children or wards in a harassing manner because of their parent's occupation. This law increased the penalty for harassment of children.[22] California Civil Code sections 1708.7 and 1708.8 explicitly address stalking and invasion of physical privacy.[23][24]

In 1972, paparazzo photographer Ron Galella sued Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis after the former First Lady ordered her Secret Service agents to destroy Galella's camera and film following an encounter in New York City's Central Park. Kennedy counter-sued claiming harassment. The trial lasted three weeks and became a groundbreaking case regarding photojournalism and the role of paparazzi. In Galella v. Onassis, Kennedy obtained a restraining order to keep Galella 150 feet (46 m) away from her and her children. The restriction was later reduced to 25 feet (7.6 m). The trial is a focal point in Smash His Camera, a 2010 documentary film by director Leon Gast.

In 1997, Diana, Princess of Wales and Dodi Fayed were killed in a limousine crash as their driver was speeding, trying to escape paparazzi.[25][26] An inquest jury investigated the role of paparazzi in the incident, but no one was convicted. The official inquests into the accident attributed the causes to the speed and manner of driving of the Mercedes, as well as the following vehicles, and the impairment of the judgment of the Mercedes driver, Henri Paul, through alcohol.[27]

In 1999, the Oriental Daily News of Hong Kong was found guilty of "scandalizing the court", an extremely rare charge where the judiciary find that the newspaper's conduct undermines confidence in the administration of justice.[28] The charge was brought after the newspaper had published abusive articles challenging the judiciary's integrity and accusing it of bias in a lawsuit the paper had instigated over a photo of a pregnant Faye Wong. The paper had also arranged for a "dog team" (slang for paparazzi in the Chinese language) to track a judge for 72 hours, to provide the judge with first-hand experience of what paparazzi do.[29]

Time magazine's Style & Design special issue in 2005 ran a story entitled "Shooting Star", in which Mel Bouzad, one of the top paparazzi in Los Angeles at the time, claimed to have made US$150,000 for a picture of Ben Affleck and Jennifer Lopez in Georgia after their breakup. "If I get a picture of Britney and her baby," Bouzad claimed, "I'll be able to buy a house in those hills (above Sunset Boulevard)."[30] Paparazzi author Peter Howe told Time that "celebrities need a higher level of exposure than the rest of us so it is a two-way street. The celebrities manipulate."

In the United Kingdom, Sienna Miller, Amy Winehouse, and Lily Allen have won injunctions that prevent the paparazzi from following them and gathering outside their houses. Miller was awarded 53,000.[33]

In addition to legal action, celebrities have taken other measures to avoid paparazzi. When Daniel Radcliffe was performing in the play Equus in London, he wore the same hat and jacket every day for six months, to make the photos look old and therefore "unpublishable".[36]

Ring in the New Years with Paparazzi !!Enjoy a 3 course meal Midnight Buffet drink package shuttle services to & from fireworks dance at Paparazzi Night Club for the rest of the night ! Menu: Antipasto Galleria AAA Canadian Sirloin Steak , Lobster & Shrimp , dessert, Midnight a la Carte Buffet Champagne toast Party Favours Included Make New Years a night to remember ! Contact or Jeff at 4168908601

1961, from Italian Paparazzo (plural paparazzi) surname of the freelance photographer in Federico Fellini's 1959 film "La Dolce Vita." The surname itself is of no special significance in the film; it is said to be a common one in Calabria, and Fellini is said to have borrowed it from a travel book, "By the Ionian Sea," in which occurs the name of hotel owner Coriolano Paparazzo.

The argument about a celebrity's right to privacy has raged for years. The most recent crackdown on paparazzi snapshots resulted when topless photos of Kate Middleton while sunbathing in the south of France surfaced this weekend.

But the Duchess of Cambridge is far from the first celebrity to be caught by paparazzi cameras in what the royal palace called a \"totally unjustifiable\" invasion of privacy. Here are some of the most memorable clashes from the past.

quicklist: 1category: Nine Memorable Celebrity vs. Paparazzi Clashestitle: Kate Middletonurl: media:17257038text: Princess Diana's death in a Paris car crash in 1997 was blamed on the paparazzi, who were chasing her for a photograph. Diana, the mother of Prince William and Harry, was 36.

So when topless photos of William's wife, Kate Middleton, appeared in a French magazine, people took note when the royal family said in a statement that the incident was \"reminiscent of the worst excesses of the press and paparazzi during the life of Diana, Princess of Wales, and all the more upsetting to The Duke and Duchess for being so.\"

The 18-year-old superstar was pulled over by the California Highway Patrol July 6 and cited for reckless driving on Los Angeles' 101 Freeway. Bieber told police he was speeding because he was attempting to elude paparazzi.

One of the paparazzo involved in the incident was later charged with four misdemeanor counts under California's anti-paparazzi law. According to the Associated Press, his lawyer filed a motion, challenging the law. A judge is scheduled to hear the motion during a hearing on Sept. 24.

quicklist: 3category: Nine Memorable Celebrity vs. Paparazzi Clashestitle: Tom Cruise, Katie Holmesurl: media:17257175text: On July 19, just 10 days after Tom Cruise settled his divorce with actress Katie Holmes, the actor allegedly led paparazzi on a high-speed chase through Manhattan while the couple's 6-year-old daughter, Suri, was in the car.

quicklist: 7category: Nine Memorable Celebrity vs. Paparazzi Clashestitle: Britney Spearsurl: media:17258024text: Britney Spears has had a love-hate relationship with the paparazzi for years, but in 2007, the troubled pop singer's downward spiral gave them a field day of photo ops.

quicklist: 8category: Nine Memorable Celebrity vs. Paparazzi Clashestitle: Jennifer Anistonurl: media:17257922text: Jennifer Aniston knows what it's like to be in Kate Middleton's shoes, at least when it comes to being targeted by paparazzi.

The \"Friends\" star turned movie actress successfully sued two British magazines in 2003 for publishing paparazzi photos taken over her fence while she was sunbathing in her backyard wearing only panties. 041b061a72


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